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Cessna 180


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The Cessna 180 is a four- or six-seat, fixed conventional gear general aviation airplane which was produced between 1953 and 1981. Though the design is no longer in production, many of these aircraft are still in use as personal aircraft and in utility roles such as bush flying .

Development

Cessna introduced the heavier and more powerful 180 as a complement to the Cessna 170 . It eventually came to be known as the Skywagon, a name first applied only to the more-powerful 185.

The prototype Cessna 180, N41697, first flew on May 26, 1952. Cessna engineering test pilot William D. Thompson was at the controls.

In all its versions, 6,193 Cessna 180s were manufactured. In 1956 , a tricycle gear version of this design was introduced as the Cessna 182 , which came to bear the name Skylane. Additionally, in 1960 , Cessna introduced a heavier, more powerful sibling to the 180, the conventional gear Cessna 185 . For a time, all three versions of the design were in production.

Design

The airframe of the 180 is all metal, constructed of aluminum alloy. The fuselage is a semi-monocoque structure, with exterior skin sheets riveted to former s and longeron s. The strut-braced wings, likewise, are constructed of exterior skin sheets riveted to spars and ribs . The landing gear of the 180 is in a conventional arrangement, with main gear legs made of spring steel, and a steerable tailwheel mounted on a hollow tapered steel tube.

The Continental O-470-A of was installed in the 1953 model, which uniquely has no baggage door. The Continental O-470-J, also of , replaced the -A model in 1954 and 1955, and was succeeded by the O-470-K from 1956 through 1961, by the O-470-R from 1962 through 1972, by the O-470-S from 1973 through 1976, and by the O-470-U from 1977 through the end of production.

Cessna 180s produced between 1953 and 1963 have two side windows, while 1964 to 1981 models feature three side windows, as they feature the same fuselage as the Cessna 185. Some late production 1962 Cessna 180s were also known to have the three windows as well.

180s can be put on floats if they are equipped with float kits, which are essentially reinforcing members installed at high-stress points of the fuselage.

Operational history

Record flight

The Cessna 180 gained recognition as the aircraft chosen by Geraldine Mock , the first woman pilot to successfully fly around the world. The flight was made in 1964 in her 1953 model, the ''Spirit of Columbus'' (N1538C), as chronicled in her book ''Three-Eight Charlie''. The Cessna factory obtained the aircraft and kept it at the Pawnee (Wichita, Kansas) manufacturing plant after the epic flight, suspended from the ceiling over one of the manufacturing lines. It is currently on display at the National Air and Space Museum .

Variants

180

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-A , O-470-J, or a O-470-K engine, landplane gross weight and first certified on 23 December 1952.

180A

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-K , landplane gross weight and first certified on 17 December 1956.

180B

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-K , landplane gross weight and first certified on 22 August 1958.

180C

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-L or O-470-R, landplane gross weight and first certified on 8 July 1959.

180D

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-L or O-470-R, landplane gross weight and first certified on 14 June 1960.

180E

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-L or O-470-R, landplane gross weight and first certified on 21 September 1961.

180F

Four seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-L or O-470-R, landplane gross weight and first certified on 25 June 1962.

180G

Six seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-L or O-470-R, landplane gross weight and first certified on 19 July 1963.

180H

Six seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-L or O-470-R, landplane gross weight and first certified on 17 June 1964.

180I

There was no "I" model Cessna 180.

180J

Six seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-R or O-470-S, landplane gross weight and first certified on 13 October 1972.

180K

Six seat high wing light aircraft powered by a Continental O-470-U , landplane gross weight and first certified on 19 August 1976.

Operators

Civil

The Cessna 180 is popular with air charter companies and is operated by private individuals and companies.

Military

AUS

19 Cessna 180s were in service with both the Australian Army and RAAF from 1959 to 1974.

*Royal Australian Air Force

**No. 16 Air Observation Post Flight RAAF

*Australian Army Aviation

**No. 16 Army Light Aircraft Flight

**No. 161 Independent Reconnaissance Flight - The Australian Army operated a number of Cessna 180s as surveillance aircraft with the 161 Reconnaissance Flight (call sign "Possum") during the Vietnam War .

ESA

GUA

HON

ISR

*Israeli Air Force

date=February 2008

NIC

PHI

THA

* Royal Thai Navy

URU

* Uruguayan Air Force